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Clove Lakes Park

Clove Lakes Park is about 200 acres which includes trails through a mixed deciduous woods of oaks and other hardwoods. NYMS goes there summer and fall, often with great success.

 

New York Mycological Society

Survey of New York City Mushrooms (2012)

Clove Lakes Park, Staten Island

Forest Ave., Victory Blvd., bet. Clove Rd. and Brookside Ave., Royal Oak Rd.

Acres: 193.42

A protected Forever Wild site because of its valuable ecological assets, Clove Lakes Park has a rich natural history and a few remnants of the past that remain and continue to thrill visitors. Chief among them are the park’s lakes and ponds, outcroppings of serpentine rocks, and Staten Island’s largest living things, a three hundred year-old tulip tree. [NYC Parks]

 

Summary: of the walks listed here – two were in the summer, two in late October, and one in mid-December. No mushroom was found on all 5 walks, and only two (Favolus alveolaris and Stereum ostrea) were recorded on 4 of the walks, while 8 were recorded on 3 of the walks. Only one chanterelle, the small chanterelle (Cantharellus minor), was found (another, C. cinnabarinus, was found a day before a scheduled walk) and only 6 different boletes. Nice collections of the choice edibles chicken mushrooms (Laetiporus sulphureus & L. cincinnatus) and hen-of-the-woods (Grifola frondosa) were found. Scheduling walks in the early fall would doubtless provide many additional mushrooms. Special finds include Isaria flabelliforme, the imperfect stage of the dead man’s finger species, Xylaria cubensis. Also, two jelly fungi (Tremella foliacea and, presumably, Tremella aurantia) were found on Stereum hirsutum. The most diverse genus found has been Amanita (9 taxa).

The total of all fungi is about 135 taxa.

 

Note on names, collections and photographs:

There are no common names for most mushrooms. The scientific names used here are those that can be found in most field guides, like the Audubon guide.

There has not been any systematic attempt to collect and preserve specimens of these mushrooms. Photographs have been taken of many of the mushrooms found on these walks and they will be available sometime soon on the NYMS website.

 

1 – 7/12/09

2 – 10/31/10

3 – 6/19/11

4 – 10/30/11 [day after 5” snow storm)

5 – 12/11/11

6 – 6/2/12

7 - 6/2/13

8

9 - 10/25/14.........more than 100 species collected!

 

CLOVE LAKES PARK, STATEN ISLAND

 

1            2            3            4            5             6                7

 

ASCOMYCETES

Aleuria aurantia                         -            x            -            -            -            -              -

Apiosporina morbosa                 -            -            x            -            x            x            x

Biscogniauxia atropunctta         -            -            x            -            x            x            x

Bisporella citrina                                                -            x            -            -            x            -

Camarops petersii                                    -            -            -            -            x            -

Chlorociboria aeruginosa                        -            -            x            -            -            -

Chromelosporium terreum                        -            -            x            -            -            -

Dasyscyphus virgineus                                    -            -            -            -            -            x

Diatrype stigma                                                -            -            x            -            -            x

Hypocrea gelatinosa                                    -            -            x            -            -            -

Hypocrea sulphurea                                    -            -            x            -            -            -

Hypoxylon sp.                                                -            -            x            -            -            x

Mollisia cinerea                                                -            -            x             -            -            x

Mollisia sp.                                                            -            -            -            -            -            x

Nectriaceae sp.                                                -            -            x            x            -            x

Phaeocalicium polyporaeum                        -            -            x            -            -            x

Xylaria polymorpha                                    -            x            x            -            -            x

Xylocoremium (Isaria) flabelliforme            -            -            x            -            -            -

 

JELLY FUNGI

Calocera cornea                                                -            -            x            -            -            -

Exidia nucleata                                                -            -            -            x            -            -

Exidia recisa                                                -            x            x            -            x            x

Exidia sp. (white, translucent)                        -            -            -            -            -            x

Tremella “aurantia” on St. hirsutum            -            -            -            x            -            x

Tremella foliacea                                                -            -            -            -            -            x

Tremella foliacea on St. hirsutum            -            -            -            x            -            -

Tremella mesenterica                                    -            x            x            -            -            x

Tremellodendron pallidum                        x            -            -            -            -            -

 

CORALS and TOOTH FUNGI

Clavulina cinerea                                                -            x            -            -            -            -

Clavulina cristata                                                x            -            x            -            -            -

 

CHANTERELLES

Cantharellus cinnabarinus                        -            -            x            -            -            -

(coll. 6/18)

Cantharellus minor                                    x            -            x            -            -            -

 

CRUST and PARCHMENT FUNGI

Aleurodiscus oakesii ?                                    -            -            -            -            x

Byssomerulius corium ?                                    -            -            -            -            x

Hydnochaete olivacea                                    -            x            x            -            x

Peniophora albobadia                                    -            -            -            -            x

Phanerochaete chrysorhiza                        -            x            -            -            -

Phlebia radiata                                                -            x            -            -            x

Phlebia tremellosa                                    -            x            -            x            x

Steccherinum ochraceum                        -            x            -            -            x

Stereum complicatum                                    x            -            x            -            x

Stereum hirsutum                                    -            x            -            x            x

Stereum striatum                                                -            x            -            -            x

Stereum ostrea                                                x            -            x            x            x

Xylobolus frustulatus                                    -            x            x            -            -

 

POLYPORES

Bondarzewia berkeleyi                                    -            x            -            -            -

Daedaleopsis confragosa                        -            -            -            x            x

Favolus alveolaris                                                x            x            x            x            -

Ganoderma applanatum                        -            x            -            -            -

Ganoderma lucidum                                    -            x            -            -            -

Grifola frondosa                                                -            x            -            x            -

Inonotus dryadeus                                    -            -            x            -            -

Irpex lacteus                                                -            -            x            x            x

Laetiporus cincinnatus                                     -            x            x            -            -

Laetiporus sulphureus                                    x            -            -            -            -

Lenzites betulina                                                -            x            -            -            -

Meripilus sumstinei (giganteus)            -            x            x            -            -

Phellinus cf pomaceus                                    -            -            -            -            x

Phellinus sp. (on oak)                                    -            -            -            -            x

Piptoporus betulinus                                    -            x            -            -            -

Polyporus elegans (varius)                        -            -            x            -            -

Spongipellis pachyodon                                    -            x            -            -            -

Trametes hirsuta                                                -            -            x            -            x

Trametes versicolor                                    -            -            x            x            x

Trichaptum biforme                                    -            -            x            -            x

Tyromyces caesius                                    -            x            -            -            -

Tyromyces chioneus                                    -            x            -            x            x

Poroid, resupinate, pink                                    -            x            -            -            -

Poroid,, resupinate, velvety gray            -            x            -            -            -

 

BOLETES

Boletus chrysenteron                     x        -         x            -            -         -           -

Boletus subvelutipes                       -        x          x           -            -         -         -

Boletus sp.                                         x            -            -            -            -      -        -

Pulveroboletus ravenelii                x       -            -            -            -          -          -

Suillus americanus

Suillus granulatus                         -         -           -           -             -            -          x

Tylopilus ballouii                           -            -         x            -            -          -         -

Tylopilus felleus ?                          -            x            -            -            -         -        -

Xanthoconium affine                   -            -            x            -            -         -        -

 

GILLED MUSHROOMS

Agaricus bitorquis                                    -            -            x            -            -

Agaricus placomyces                                    -            x            -            -            -

Agaricus sp. (in woods)                                    x            -            -            -            -

Amanita brunnescens                                    -            x            -            -            -

Amanita brunnescens var. pallida             x            -            -            -            -

Amanita citrina                                                -            x            -            -            -

Amanita cothurnata                                    x            -            -            -            -

Amanita crenulata (gemmata)                        x            x            x            -            -

Amanita flavorubescens                                    x            -            x            -            -

Amanita inaurata                                                x            -            -            -            -

Amanita rubescens                                    x            -            -            -            -

Amanita vaginata                                                -            -            x            -            -

Amanita volvata complex                        -            -            x            -            -

(coll 6/18)

Armillaria mellea                                                -            -            -            x            -

Clitocybe nuda                                                -            x            -            -            -

Collybia (Gymnopus) dichrous            -            -            x            -            -

Collybia (Gymnopus) dryophila            -            x            -            -            -

Collybia (Gymnopus) subnuda            x            -            x            -            -

Collybia (Gymnopus) sp. small            -            -            -            x            -

Conocybe sp.                                                -            -            x            -            -

Coprinus comatus                                                -            x            -            -            -

Coprinus cf micaceus                                    -            x            -            -            -

Copirnus sp.                                                -            -            x            -            -

Cortinarius alboviolaceus                        -            x            -            -            -

Crepidotus applanatus                                    -            -            x            -            -

Crepidotus crocophyllus                        -            -            x            -            -

Crepidotus sp.                                                x            -            -            -            -

Hypholoma fasciculare                                    -            x            -            x            -

Hyholoma sublateritium                        -            x            -            x            -

Inocybe caesariata                                    -            -            x            -            -

Inocybe lacera                                                -            -            x            -            -

Inocybe sp. (acute bulb at base)            -            -            x            -            -

Inocybe sp. (scaly cap)                                    -            -            -            x            -

Laccaria laccata                                                -            -            x            -            -

Laccaria ochropurpurea                                    -            x            -            -            -

Lactarius hygrophoroides                        -            -            x            -            -

Lactarius quietus                                                x            x            -            -            -

Lentinellus ursinus                                    -            x            -            -            -

Marasmius epiphyllus                                    -            -            x            -            -

Marasmius nigrodiscus                                    -            -            x            -            -

Marasmius rotula                                                -            -            x            -            -

Marasmius sp. (w blk rhizomorphs)            -            -            x            -            -

Marasmius sp.                                                x            -            -            -            -

Megacollybia platyphylla                        x            -            -            -            -

Mycena alcalina                                                -            -            -            x            -

Mycena inclinata                                                -            x            -            x            -

Mycena sp. (yellow cap)                                    -            x            -            -            -

Mycena sp.                                                            -            -            -            -            x

Omphalotus illudens                                    -            x            -            x            -

Panellus stipticus                                                x            -            -            x            x

Pholiota aurivella                                                -            x            -            -            x

Pleurotus ostreatus                                    -            x            -            -            x

Pluteus cervinus                                                -            x            x            -            x

Pluteus sp.                                                            x            -            -            -            -

Psathyrella delineata                                    -             x            -            -            -

Psathyrella velutina                                    -            x            -            -            -

Psathyrella sp.                                                -            x            -            -            x

Russula “krombholzii”                                    -            x            -            -            -

Russula mariae                                                x            -            -            -            -

Russula silvicola                                                -            x            -            -            -

Russula cf virescens                                    x            -            -            -            -

Russula spp.                                                x            x            x            -            -

Schizophyllum commune                        -            x            x            -            x

Tricholoma sejunctum                                    -            x            -            -            -

Tubaria sp.                                                            -            -            -            -            x

x – dark brown, on wood                        -            -            x            -            -

 

GASTEROMYCETES

Lycopderdon pyriforme                                    -            -            -            x            -

Scleroderma cepa                                                -            x            -            -            -

Scleroderma citrinum                                    x            -            x            -            -

 

MYXOMYCETES

Arcyria nutans                                                -            -            x            -            -

Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa                                    -            -            x            -            -

Cribraria sp.                                                -            -            x            -            -

Enteridium lycoperdon                                    -            -            -            -            x

Fuligo septica                                                -            -            x            -            -

Lycogala epidendrum                                    -            -            x            -            -

Physarum globuliferum                                    -            -            x            -            -

Physarum             leucopos                                    -            -            x            -            -

Stemonitis sp.                                                -            -            x            -            -

Tubifera ferruiginosa                                    x            -            x            -            -

 

What can be learned from this simple list of the fungi found here?

1 There are different mushrooms found in June/July and October/December. The boletes are mushrooms of summer while the crust fungi and polypores (for the most part) are the fungi of fall and early winter. Nearly all the slime molds (Myxomycetes) were found in June, as were most of the cup & flask fungi (Ascomycetes). Most gilled mushrooms are specific to either summer or fall.

2 There are no mushrooms on this list associated with conifers. The trees that can be recognized by their fungal associates include birch (Piptoporus betulinus) and oak (Hydnochaete olivacea).

3 At least 30 of the mushrooms on this list are mycorrhizal with the trees in this forested park. This means that the trees, in particular the oaks, receive essential nutrients from forest mushrooms that supply tree root hairs with phosphorus and potanssium and the like, in exchange for sugars made by the tree leaves.

Still to do: We need to identify the trees of our study area. There could be, for example, uncommon species of oak that might be mycorrhizal with fungi not associated with other trees. There is also the wildflower, shinleaf, Pyrola elliptica, that grows by our display table, and this wildflower is reportedly mycorrhizal with mushrooms. We need to discover which one(s).  Given ideal collecting conditions, and a dedicated group of NYMS members determined to find every mushroom growing, we could double the number of mushrooms on this checklist!

 

For more information click on the pictures!