banner

MEDICINAL MUSHROOMS

MedMush2014

MEDICINAL MUSHROOM 2014 – November 5 and 12 at the NYBG 10am-1pm PLUS a trip to Chinatown on Nov. 19 to find medicinal mushrooms in local stores……

Our first class walked about the grounds of the NYBG and found several choice medicinal mushrooms – including MAITAKE (Hen of the Woods), TURKEY-TAILS, REISHI, ENOKI (Flammulina velutipes) and OYSTER MUSHROOMS.

CHINATOWN……….Wednesday, November 19th – Meet at 11 am inside the New Kam Man market  (200 Canal St.) – a block east of Mulberry. We’ll shop around Canal, Mott, and Grand Streets, and stop for lunch at the Vegetarian Dumpling House (on Pell St.)….My number, if needed: 646-226-6242

———————————————–

BOT 364: Medicinal Mushrooms 2014

Instructor: Gary Lincoff (Gary@noahsquark.com)

Two Wednesdays, November 5 & 12, 10am-1pm

SYLLABUS

Otzi the Iceman-the 5,000-year-old European mummy, whose frozen remains included a supply of birch fungus as a natural disinfectant and coagulant-illustrates the timeless usage of the medicinal mushroom. The tradition continues in China and Japan today. Find out how mushrooms can support good health and treat a number of ailments. Explore the nearly 100 medicinal mushrooms available in the United States and learn which ones can be cultivated.

WEEK ONE: Mushrooms as medicinal foods; mushrooms used to prevent illness; mushrooms used to treat particular conditions; a dozen readily available medicinal mushrooms in the New York area

WEEK TWO: Traditional vs modern medical practices; what lab tests show; using mushrooms to treat life-threatening conditions – the pros and cons…….

A few recommendations:

FungiPerfecti.com : See the website for all mushroom products

Hobbs, Christopher. “Medicinal Mushrooms: An Exploration of Tradition, Healing & Culture.”

Lincoff, Gary. “The Complete Mushroom Hunter.”

Rogers, Robert. “The Fungal Pharmacy”

Stamets, Paul. “Mycomedicinals: An Information Booklet on Medicinal Mushrooms”

Stamets, Paul. “Mycelium Running: How Mushrooms Can Help Save the World”

http://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/integrative-medicine/about-herbs#A

- – - – - – - – - – - – - – - -

Some Medicinal Mushrooms growing wild in the greater New York area:

POLYPORES

Ganoderma applanatum (Artist’s Conk)                        anti-microbial                        tea

Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi)                        anti-inflammatory, anti-viral            tea

Grifola frondosa (Maitake, Hen of the Woods)            cardio-vascular, anti-viral            saute

Inonotus obliquus (Chaga)                                                anti-inflammatory                        tea

Laetiporus sulphureus (Chicken Mushroom)            urinary tract infections            saute

Piptoporus betulinus (Birch Polypore)            coagulant, anti-bacterial                  poultice

Polyporus umbellatus (Zhu Ling, Umbrella Polypore)            anti-tumor                        tea?

Trametes versicolor (Turkey-tail)                                    anti-tumor, organ tonic            tea

GILLED MUSHROOMS

Agaricus subrufescens (Almond Agaricus) [?]     anti-tumor, choles.-reducing   saute

Flammulina velutipes (Enoki)                                    anti-tumor                                   stir-fry

Hypsizygus ulmarius (Elm Oyster) [?]            stomach & intestinal diseases            saute

Pleurotus ostreatus (Oyster)                                    cholesterol-reducing                        saute

TOOTH FUNGI

Hericium erinaceus (Lion’s Mane, Bear’s Head)            cognitive enhancing                        saute

JELLY FUNGI

Auricularia auricula (Wood-ear)                             slows platelet aggregation            soup

- – - – - – - – - – - – - – - -

Some Medicinal Mushrooms available in markets in the greater NYC area. (Many of those listed above are available in local markets – Asian markets or farmers’ markets)

Auricularia polytricha  (Mu-ehr, Wood-ear)     slows platelet aggregation            soup

Cordyceps militaris (Caterpillar Fungus)            cardio-vascular, sexual potentiator  soup

Cordyceps sinensis (Caterpillar Fungus)            cardio-vascular, sexual potentiator  soup

Fomitopsis officinalis (Agarikon)            anti-inflammatory, anti-biotic, anti-viral

capsules only (Host Defense, Fungi Perfecti)

Hypsizygus tesselatus (Beech Mushrooms)            anti-tumor                                    saute

Lentinula edodes (Shiitake)                                    anti-viral, cholesterol-reducing            roast

Phallus sp. (possibly P. rubrovolvata)                        anti-inflammatory               soup, stew

Phellinus linteus [song gen (Korean)]                        anti-cancer effects                        bath?

Pleurotus eryngii (King Oyster)                                    anti-inflammatory                        saute

Tremella fuciformis (White Jelly Fungus)                        anti-viral, convalescence             soup

- – - – - – - – - – - – - – -

“MAGIC MUSHROOMS” used as “medicines”

Psilocybe spp. (magic mushrooms)                        cluster headaches, drug abuse            dried

Amanita muscaria (Fly-Agaric)                        community bonding, deliriant            dried

Gymnopilus spectabilis (Big Laughing Gym)            anti-inhibitory                        dried

- – - – -  – - – - – - – - – -

POISONOUS MUSHROOMS USED IN A MEDICINAL WAY

Amanita phalloides (Death Cap)                                    alpha-amanitin kills cancer cells

Coprinus atramentarius (Alcohol Inky)                        antibuse-like coprine inhibits

enzyme in liver that detoxifies alcohol

————————————————-

This page is devoted to MEDICINAL MUSHROOMS as MEDICINAL FOODS – as eaten COOKED and served in SOUP, STEW, STIR-FRY, and TEA. [See below for a chart on how best to use and preserve these mushrooms.]

By adding some of these mushrooms to your diet, you will be developing, in a very tasty, culinary way, an ANTI-INFLAMMATORY MEDICINAL MUSHROOM DIET, which should serve you well as so many of us live longer than our species ever has.

The idea for a Medicinal Mushroom Anti-Inflammatory Diet comes from Dr. Andrew Weil’s book “Spontaneous Happiness,” in which he has an appendix entitled “The Anti-Inflammatory Diet,” where he discusses what to eat and not eat, and why.

These “medicinal mushrooms” are mostly familiar locally obtained mushrooms found in urban and suburban parks and woods, as well as some in nearby forests. A few, like Shiitake, are available only in markets in the U.S.

These mushrooms are known to have beneficial effects on the BRAIN, the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM, the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM, the HEART, the LIVER, the KIDNEYS, the SEX ORGANS, even the SKIN.

We will look at these mushrooms grouped by their most distinctive field or market appearance: the POLYPORES, the GILLED MUSHROOMS, the TOOTH FUNGI, the JELLY FUNGI, STINKHORNS, and CATERPILLAR FUNGI.

MedMushChinatown

 

MAJOR MEDICINAL POLYPORES:

Fomitopsis officinalis (Agarikon)

agarikon

- – - – -

Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi, Ling Chih)

ganoNov

- – - – -

Grifola frondosa (Maitake, Hen of the Woods)

Grifola frondosa (CP) 002

- – - – -

Inonotus obliquus (Chaga)

chaga

- – - – -

Piptoporus betulinus (Birch Polypore)

PiptoCP2

- – - – -

Polyporus umbellatus (Zhu Ling, Umbrella Polypore)

Polyporus umbellatus (Polyporus)

- – - – -

Trametes versicolor (Turkey-Tail)

turkey-tail

- – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - -

 

MAJOR GILLED MEDICINAL MUSHROOMS

Agaricus subrufescens (Almond Agaricus)

AgSubruf

 

Agrocybe aegerita (Black Poplar Mushroom, Pioppini, Tea-tree Mushroom)

pioppini2

 

Flammulina velutipes (Enoki,  Velvet-foot, Winter Mushroom)

enoki

 

Hypsizygus ulmarius (Elm Oyster)

elmOyster2013

 

Lentinula edodes (Shiitake)

shiitakeTaylor

 

Pleurotus eryngii (King Oyster)

eryngii2

 

Pleurotus ostreatus (Oyster Mushroom)

oysterTerry

 

Tricholoma matsutake and related species (Matsutake)

matsutake

- – - – -  - – - – - – - – - -

MAJOR MEDICINAL JELLY FUNGI

Auricularia polytricha and related species (Wood-ear, Cloud-ear, Mu-ehr)

auricularia

- – - – -

Tremella fuciformis (White Jelly Fungus)

tremellaFuciformis2

- – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - -

MEDICINAL TOOTH FUNGI

Hericium erinaceus (Lion’s Mane) and related species

Hericium

- – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - -

MEDICINAL “GASTEROMYCETES”

Phallus rubrovolavatus (Cultivated Bamboo Fungus)

stinkhorns5

- – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - -

MEDICINAL ASCOMYCETES

Cordyceps sinensis (Caterpillar Fungus)

cordyceps

- – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - – - -

“MAGIC MUSHROOMS” as MEDICINAL FUNGI

amanita_petroglyph1

Amanita muscaria (Fly-Agaric, Wapac)

tatiana

 

Psilocybe cyanescens and related species (Magic Mushrooms)

Psilocybe2

 

Gymnopilus spectabilis complex (Big Laughing Gym)

gymnopilusSpect